h. Bullous or generalized pulmonary emphysema. Near visual acuity of any degree that does not correct to 20/40 in the better eye. e. Perforation of nasal septum, if symptomatic or progressive. (5) Orchitis, acute or chronic epididymitis. Personality, conduct, or behavior disorders as evidenced by frequent encounters with law enforcement agencies, antisocial attitudes or behavior, which, while not sufficient cause for administrative rejection, are tangible evidence of impaired capacity to adapt to military service. g. Proteinuria under normal activity (at least 48 hours after strenuous exercise) greater than 200 milligrams (mg)/24 hours, or a protein to creatinine ratio greater than 0.2 in a random urine sample, unless nephrologic consultation determines the condition to be benign orthostatic proteinuria. By Michael T. Meier. s. Scars that are so extensive, deep, or adherent that they may interfere with the wearing of military clothing or equipment, exhibit a tendency to ulcerate, or interfere with function. (2) If the diagnosis of asthma is in doubt, a test for reversible airflow obstruction (greater than a 15 percent increase in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEVI) following administration of an inhaled bronchodilator) or airway hyperactivity (exaggerated decrease in airflow induced by standard bronchoprovocation challenge such as methacholine inhalation or a demonstration of exercise-induced bronchospasm) must be performed. i. (4) Applicants with a history of mild head injury, as defined by a period of unconsciousness or amnesia, alone or in combination, of 1 hour or less, are unfit for at least 1 month after injury; after which they may be acceptable if neurological evaluation shows no residual dysfunction or complications. (3) Surgical correction of any knee ligaments if symptomatic or unstable. k. Ichthyosis, or other congenital or acquired anomalies of the skin such as nevi or vascular tumors that interfere with function or are exposed to constant irritation. Grover Cleveland, urbane, sometimes wise, and a future President of the United States, never served in the military during the Civil … Enacting a draft is a congressional power, not a presidential one, Fleury explains. a. Draft evasion is a punishable crime, but many entertainers, athletes, politicians and their children are known to have fabricated medical or other reasons to seek exemption from military service. c. Meniere's Syndrome. (4) History of congenital dislocation of the hip, osteochondritis of the hip (Legg-Perthes disease), or slipped femoral epiphysis of the hip. o. Neurofibromatosis (von Recklinghausen's disease). (3) Deformities of the toes, either acquired or congenital, including polydactyly, that prevent wearing military footwear or impair walking, marching, running, or jumping. (5) Vasculitis such as Bechet's, Wegener's granulomatosis, polyarteritis nodosa. c. Contraction of the muscles of the neck, spastic or non-spastic, or cicatricial contracture of the neck to the extent that it interferes with wearing a uniform or military equipment or is so disfiguring as to impair military bearing. h. Larynx ulceration, polyps, granulated tissue, or chronic laryngitis. a. (2) Active ulcer of the stomach or duodenum confirmed by x-ray or endoscopy. d. Nasal polyps, unless surgery was performed at least 1 year before examination. (1) Hernia, including inguinal, and other abdominal, except for small, asymptomatic umbilical or asymptomatic hiatal. e. Injury of a bone or joint of more than a minor nature, with or without fracture or dislocation, that occurred within the preceding 6 weeks: upper extremity, lower extremity, ribs and clavicle. (4) Subtalar (due to disease or injury): eversion and inversion (total to 5 degrees). Any surgical fusion is disqualifying. If you have had a medical complication at any time in your life that is mentioned here, then you need to tell your recruiter. a. Benign tumors (M8000) that interfere with function, prevent wearing the uniform or protective equipment, would require frequent specialized attention, or have a high malignant potential. (3) Congenital or degenerative changes of any part of the retina. a. A rush to wed to avoid the Vietnam draft: The day LBJ eliminated the marriage exemption Couples rush to secure a marriage license and get married ahead of a military draft … e. Suicide, history of attempted or suicidal behavior. Acute or chronic otitis media, cholesteatoma, or history of any inner or middle ear surgery excluding myringotomy or successful tympanoplasty. d. Lupus erythematosus and mixed connective tissue disease. External ear. (2) It interferes with wearing a uniform or military equipment. Learn about the benefits of serving your country, paying for school, military career paths, and more: sign up now and hear from a recruiter near you. b. Mastoids. If evaluation reveals no signs or symptoms of disease, the applicant meets the standards.). Chronic or recurrent, based upon available norms for ethnic background. (2) Applicants with a history of severe head injury are unfit for a period of at least 5 years, after which they may be considered fit if complete neurological and neurophysical evaluation shows no residual dysfunction or complications. Complaint of a disease or injury of the spine or sacroiliac joints with or without objective signs that has prevented the individual from successfully following a physically active vocation in civilian life or that is associated with pain referred to the lower extremities, muscular spasm, postural deformities, or limitation of motion. Conscription has happened in America from the earliest days of its existence. b. Congenital malformations, if associated with neurological manifestations or if known to be progressive; meningocele, even if uncomplicated. n. Residual of tropical fevers, such as malaria and various parasitic or protozoal infestations that prevent the satisfactory performance of military duty. There were several different ways to avoid getting drafted during the Vietnam War era. Exemptions are granted after draft and not before. (2) Physical findings of an unstable or internally deranged joint. (2) Hypothyroidism, uncontrolled by medication. Body fat composition is used as the final determinant in evaluating an applicant's acceptability when the weight exceeds the weight tables. All valvular heart diseases, congenital or acquired, including those improved by surgery except mitral valve prolapse and bicuspid aortic valve. (1) Deformities, disease or chronic pain of one or both lower extremities that have interfered with function to such a degree as to prevent the individual from following a physically active vocation in civilian life or that would interfere with walking, running, or weight bearing, or the satisfactory completion of prescribed training or military duty. e. Color vision. (2) Optic atrophy, or cortical blindness. Civil War Draft Records: Exemptions and Enrollments. (4) Exophthalmos, unilateral or bilateral, non-familial. Severe head injuries are defined by one or more of the following: (a) Unconsciousness or amnesia, alone or in combination, of 24 hours duration or longer. © Copyright 2020 Military.com. f. Filariasis, trypanosomiasis, schistosomiasis, uncinariasis, or other parasitic conditions, if symptomatic or carrier states. Besides, some categories of citizens may use the right of determent. Is found temporarily (up to one year) unfit for military service for medical reasons; Is permanently involved in nursing, assisting and custody over an incapacitated relative (based on a statement provided by a federal medical and social inspectorate at the place of residence of citizens conscripted to the armed forces) who does not enjoy full government support; Is a permanent custodian or guardian of an underage blood brother or sister; Has a disabled child up to three years old; Has a child and a wife whose pregnancy period is over 25 weeks; Is currently employed by a public agency or organization that provide determent from conscription-based military service; Has been elected a representative in the State Duma, legislative or representative government bodies or head of a municipal entity (determent is granted for the duration of service in the above organizations); Is registered as an office seeker at a federal or local government body (determent is granted through the date of official release of election results or, in case of early withdrawal – through the date of withdrawal). Recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax after surgical correction or pleural sclerosis. a. Abnormal elevation of the diaphragm, either side. i. (1) Malunion or non-union of any fracture, except ulnar styloid process. (3) Ventricular conduction disorders, left bundle branch block, Mobitz type II second degree atrioventricular (AV) block, and third degree AV block. Russian laws include a number of provisions outlining the reasons for draft exemption and military service determents. History of, unless the cause has been corrected, and is not otherwise disqualifying. According to current laws, a citizen is exempt from conscription (draft) if such citizen has previously completed military or alternative civilian service or if the medical board has found such citizen unfit for military service (or fit for limited service). d. Middle and inner ear. Many men still required to register with Selective Service would be exempt from being drafted for military service. b. Deformities of the skull, face, or jaw of a degree that would prevent the individual from wearing a protective mask or military headgear. (1) Absence of the distal phalanx of either thumb. This is one of the main methods Thai kids use to avoid the lottery. (2) Cirrhosis, hepatic cysts and abscess, and sequelae of chronic liver disease. g. Sinusitis, chronic, when evidenced by chronic purulent nasal discharge, hyperplastic changes of the nasal tissue, symptoms requiring frequent medical attention, or x-ray findings. This includes complex (multiple fixture) dental implant systems that have associated complications that severely limit assignments and adversely affect performance of world-wide duty. Or other diseases of the vestibular system. (h) Radiographic evidence of retained metallic or bony fragments. Epilepsy, beyond the age of 5 unless the applicant has been free of seizures for a period of 5 years while taking no medication for seizure control, and has a normal electroencephalogram (EEG). o. Pleurisy with effusion, within the previous 2 years if known or unknown origin. Draft exemptions include males currently in the armed services and on active duty, not including members of the Reserve and National Guard who are … No military draft has ever required universal service. b. A reliable history of anaphylaxis to stinging insects. It ended as the Vietnam War was ending in 1973, a time when, for every 100 men inducted into that military, 131 others got exemptions. (j) Early post-traumatic seizure(s) occurring within 1 week of injury but more than 30 minutes after injury. (i) Leptomeningeal cysts or arteriovenous fistula. (1) Absence of both testicles, either congenital, or acquired, or unexplained absence of a testicle. p. Photosensitivity, any primary sun-sensitive condition, such as polymorphous light eruption or solar urticaria; any dermatosis aggravated by sunlight such as lupus erythematosus. (2) Pterygium, if encroaching on the cornea in excess of 3 millimeters (mm), interfering with vision, progressive, or recurring after two operative procedures. c. Symptoms or behavior of a repeated nature that impaired social, school, or work efficiency. u. Tattoos that will significantly limit effective performance of military service or that are otherwise prohibited under AR 670-1 . (5) Hip dislocation within 2 years before examination. That is why it is called Selective Service; the draft selects those who, by virtue of their sex, age, physical and mental abilities, educational background and work skills, will best meet the military’s needs. h. Fungus infections, systemic or superficial types, if extensive and not amenable to treatment. l. Scars, extensive, deep, or adherent to the skin and soft tissues that interfere with muscular movements. He was joined by the Second... North Memorial Hospital showed off its state-of-the-art flight simulator system. (4) Congenital. (2) Pilonidal cysts, if evidenced by the presence of a tumor mass or a discharging sinus. International schools generally also offer ‘Ror Dor’ as well. A single plaque of localized scleroderma (morphea) that has been stable for at least 2 years is not disqualifying. Bunions, severe eye infections, bum knees and asthma also could exempt young men from military … Verify your free subscription by following the instructions in the email sent to: Thousands of airmen across 13 eligible career fields have signed up to move permanently into the newest military branch. Veterans, generally exempt from service in peacetime draft. Determent is a legitimate reason to delay the call to military duty. (7) Intrinsic paralysis or weakness, including nerve palsy sufficient to produce physical findings in the hand such as muscle atrophy or weakness. Colonial militia laws—and after independence those of the United States and the various states—required able-bodied males to enroll in the militia, to undergo a minimum of military training, and to serve for limited periods of time in war or emergency. (4) Individuals with a past history of active tuberculosis MORE than 2 years prior to enlistment, induction and appointment are QUALIFIED IF they have received a complete course of standard chemotherapy for tuberculosis. Gigantism or other disorder of pituitary function. c. Deviation or curvature of spine from normal alignment, structure, or function if -. (2) Chorioretinitis or inflammation of the retina, including histoplasmosis, toxoplasmosis, or vascular conditions of the eye to include Coats' disease, Eales' disease, and retinitis proliferans, unless a single episode of nown cause that has healed and does not interfere with vision. An individual will be considered unacceptable if the joint ranges of motion are less that the measurements listed below. However, for entrance into the USMA or Army ROTC or OCS programs, the inability to distinguish and identify without confusion the color of an object, substance, material, or light that is uniformly colored a vivid red or vivid green is disqualifying. All other applicants must meet the standards of tables (see "Height and Weight" tables in this section). Condition, to include Meckel's diverticulum or functional abnormalities, persisting or symptomatic within the past 2 years. d. Acromegaly. (2) Splenectomy, except when accomplished for trauma, or conditions unrelated to the spleen, or for hereditary spherocytosis. (1) Anal fissure if persistent, or anal fistula. When it comes to avoiding the draft, flat feet are still effective. Ulceration, varices, fistula, achalasia, or other dismotility disorders; chronic or recurrent esophagitis if confirmed by appropriate x-ray or endoscopic examination. The following conditions may disqualify you for military service: a. Esophagus. (1) Applicants with a history of head injury with -. Draft exemption is a legitimate reason to cancel a citizen’s obligation for compulsory military service. b. Atopic dermatitis or eczema, with active or residual lesions in characteristic areas (face, neck, antecubital, and or/popliteal fossae, occasionally wrists and hands), or documented history thereof after the age of 8. c. Contact dermatitis, especially involving rubber or other materials used in any type of required protective equipment. k. Pharyngitis and nasopharyngitis, chronic. (6) Menopausal syndrome, if manifested by more than mild constitutional or mental symptoms, or artificial menopause if less than 1 year's duration. The US Reciprocity Schedule states that mandatory service can also be waived if a man "has a brother who died … This earliest form of conscription involved selective drafts of militiamen for service in particular campaigns. Body fat composition is used as the final determinant in evaluating an applicant's acceptability when the weight exceeds the weight tables. II. Recovery from disease or injury with residual weakness or symptoms such as to preclude satisfactory performance of duty, or grip strength of less than 75 percent of predicted normal when injured hand is compared with the normal hand (non-dominant is 80 percent of dominant grip). Other than receiving your proof of registration, nothing happens unless there’s a situation requiring a draft. Is a school or gymnasium student (under 20 years old), a full-time student at a basic or secondary vocational education institution (under 20 years old and having finished secondary education) or a full-time university student (determent is granted for the length of learning at the university, not to exceed the standard length of time required to master basic curriculum), provided the educational institution has been certified by the state educational authority; Is a full-time postgraduate student at a state-certified educational institution or research institution (determent is granted for the length of learning, not to exceed the standard length of time required to master basic curriculum, and for the length of time required to defend a thesis paper, not to exceed one year after completion of the learning process); Has been granted such right by virtue of decrees of the President of the Russian Federation. 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