Proceedings of the Entomology Society of Washington 51: 181-205. Reg. Since 2006 Forms part of the Strategic plan of DAFF An early warning system against exotic fruit flies such as: Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) B. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society. Name . Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. Pruitt JH. The Oriental fruit fly (.  Aposymbiotic flies responded faster to diets in experimental conditions and fed more, for longer periods of time. DACUDO (Bactrocera dorsalis) DACUFE (Dacus ferrugineus) Relationship of sexual maturation rate to response of Oriental fruit fly strains (Diptera: Tephritidae) to methyl eugenol. correcta, Bactrocera cucurbitae, Bactrocera dorsalis species complex, Bactrocera frauenfeldi, Bactrocera latifrons, Bactrocera luzonae, Bactrocera mcgregori, Bactrocera neohumeralis, Bactrocera nigrotibialis, Bactrocera ochrosiae, ... Phylum/Group Scientific or common name of quarantine pests a. Internac. Unmitigated Risks ... Bactrocera dorsalis species complex [SELECTED] Common name i: Oriental fruit fly: Synonym i: Dacus dorsalis: Other names i ›Bactrocera (Bactrocera) dorsalis ›Bactrocera (Bactrocera) invadens ›Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) ›Bactrocera invadens ›Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta & White, 2005 More » It was a serious pest of citrus and other subtropical fruits in Japan, Okinawa, and the Japanese islands of Amami, Miyako, and Bonin before it was eradicated. Taxonomy and distribution of the oriental fruit fly and related species (Tephritidae, Diptera). Example for "Bactrocera dorsalis": Common names: oriental fruit fly Taxonomy Find more information about this organism at . 20: 395-428. Copyright: IAEA Imagebank The genus includes approximately 500 species. The adult oriental fruit fly is somewhat larger than a housefly, about 8 mm in length. cucurbitae (Melon fruit fly) Approximately 1500 DAFF traps and 300 Fruitfly Africa traps 3 , B. dorsalis is a species of tephritid fruit fly. 1963. Female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, ovipositing on citrus fruit. Bactrocera tyroni. , To resolve these concerns, several techniques have been implemented, including sterile insect technique, protein bait sprays, and male annihilation. Male B. dorsalis respond strongly to methyl eugenol, which is used to monitor and estimate populations, as well as to annihilate males as a form of pest control. The female has a pointed slender ovipositor to deposit eggs under the … Basic information: Scientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis (No picture) Major synonym: Dacus dorsalis: Common names: oriental fruit fly: Higher taxon: Tephritidae, Diptera, Insecta Next Entry. 1985. , Under summer conditions, development from egg to adult requires 16 days. References. , Researchers have also tested the relationship between certain gut symbiotic bacteria and fly foraging behavior and nutrient ingestion. It was introduced into the Hawaiian Islands about 1945, apparently by U.S. military troops returning to the islands. These sightings in the mainland United States are generally quarantined infestations that have been eradicated. Researchers also recorded an additional 10-28 interceptions in passenger baggage. Date publication; Bactrocera dorsalis ̶ Pest Report and Datasheet to support ranking of EU candidate priority pests: 2019-06-03: 2020-10-15: EPPO PRA for Bactrocera invadens: 2010-09-30: 2018-02-13: Evaluation du risque lié à la capture de Bactrocera dorsalis à proximité du marché … Effect of ripeness and location of papaya fruits on the parasitization rates of Oriental fruit fly and melon fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) by braconid (Hymenoptera) parasitoids. Abraham, V., and Jayanthi, P.D.K. This physical barrier prevents oviposition from occurring. , The flight capacity of B. dorsalis adult females at various life stages has been observed in order to better understand and prevent their spread. , In addition to these, Hawaii has developed methods to suppress Bactrocera species using parasitoid wasps, including Fopius arisanus. The posterior spiracles are located in the dorsal third of the segment as viewed from the rear of the larva. USDA-APHIS, in cooperation with threatened states, has established action plans that go into effect when fruit flies are trapped and reported (USDA 2008). , B. dorsalis is not only a highly invasive species, accidentally introduced to Hawaii from Taiwan during the 1940s in World War II, but also very destructive to crop yield for farmers of various fruits, vegetables, and nuts across the world. 69 pp. About nine days are required for attainment of sexual maturity after the adult fly emerges. 7701-7772) and relevant Parts of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Bactrocera dorsalis Taxonomy ID: 27457 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid27457) current name. The larval stage of the life cycle is the most damaging to fruits because of larval feeding on the soft flesh of fruits. The above descriptions were from larvae examined in verified samples from Hawaii (in immatures collection of the Florida State Collection of Arthropods).  Females who were exposed to two males continuously without a refractory period in between lay fewer eggs, but still lay more eggs than females with only one male. Larvae of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). By the year 2002, they applied 42 metric tons of methyl eugenol and accomplished 75% suppression island-wide, but they were not able to achieve further reductions with male annihilation alone (E. Chang, personal … Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations. Common name: Melon fly. Figure 11. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. Red sandalwood. It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. Common name. Eggs of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). , The third instar larvae exit the fruit and burrow into the soil under the host plant to pupate. The wings are clear. Top; Resources; Selected Images; 1953. Flies that belong to this family are usually small to medium-sized with colorful markings. These markings may form a T-shaped pattern, but the pattern varies considerably. The Fruit Flies or Tephritidae of California. NG-2014.NigA2. This species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994. This complex belongs with the subgenus Bactrocera and species are therefore sometimes cited with the subgeneric name, e.g.  Flies typically live from 1–3 months, but this can be extended to up to 12 months under cool conditions. 1991. common name: Queensland fruit fly scientific name: Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) Introduction - Synonymy - Distribution - Description - Life History - Hosts - Attractants - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Section 2 covers the life cycle of typical fruit flies, male lures (particularly methyl eugenol and Cuelure), protein baits, fruit fly damage and crop losses, and the host fruit preferences of the main fruit flies involved in the project. includes: Bactrocera sp. Common name of the pest: Oriental fruit fly Taxonomy: The family Tephritidae consists of a vast number of species and includes many species that are significant agricultural pests. The external part of the anterior respiratory organs, the spiracles, located one on each side of the pointed or head end of the larva, has an exaggerated and deflexed lobe at each side and bears many small tubercles. This particular muscle structure was evident in 15-day-old female adult B. dorsalis flies. Rank: species. Bactrocera dorsalis was formerly known as Dacus dorsalis. Insecticide resistance of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in mainland China. The body color is variable but generally bright yellow with a dark "T" shaped marking on the abdomen. (Committee on Common Names of Insects), 1997: null. The melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly of the family Tephritidae. Oriental Fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for B. dorsalis. Figure 13. Figure 3. South Brisbane, Australia. It is native to large parts of tropical Asia, has become established over much of sub-Saharan Africa, and is often intercepted in the United States, sometimes triggering eradication programs.  Male B. dorsalis respond strongly to methyl eugenol, which is used to monitor and estimate populations, as well as to annihilate males as a form of pest control. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. A quarantine was established, and eradication efforts followed. Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) covers 4 previously described fruit fly species: Bactrocera dorsalis, B. papayae, B. philippinensis and B. invadens. The wings are clear. However, its distribution does possibly decrease in areas where precipitation decreases. Anterior spiracle of larva.  In July 2010, flies were discovered in traps in the Sacramento and Placer counties of California. Common Name (s): oriental fruit fly [English] *The population was created solely by selection and/or genetic manipulation. Females are capable of laying over 3,000 eggs during their lifetime under optimal conditions, but in field conditions, reports a typical range from about 1,200 to 1,500 eggs laid per female. ONAH-2014.OnE3. Genus: Bactrocera Species: Bactrocera invadens. There are two common mechanical methods of control. Extraction and identification of volatile components of guava fruits and their attraction to oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Dacus dorsalis Hendel, 1912 Musca ferruginea Fabricius, 1794 Homonyms Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) Common names oriental fruit fly in English 東方果實蠅 in language. Heppner JB. Table 1. Lures: P310-Lure Attractant used for monitoring & mass trapping melon fruit fly. Once sexual maturity is reached (which takes approximately 9 days), adults engage in the mating process and the life cycle repeats. Once feeding occurs, other microorganisms can invade the site of larval feeding and cause the fruit to decay faster. … , CLIMEX, a modeling software, has been used to map the future trajectory for the fruit fly in terms of opportunities for increasing its distribution. Schutze MK, Aketarawong N, Amornsak W, Armstrong KF, Augustinos AA, Barr N, Bo W, Bourtzis K, Boykin LM, Cáceres C, Cameron SL, Chapman TA, Chinvinijkul S, Chomic A, De Meyer M, Drosopoulou E, Englezou A, Ekesi S, Gariou-Papalexiou A, Geib SM, Hailstones D, Hasanuzzaman M, Haymer D, Hee AKW, Hendrichs J, Jessup A, Ji Q, Khamis FM, Krosch MN, Leblanc L, Mahmood K, Malacrida AR, Mavragani-Tsipidou P, Mwatawala M, Nishida R, Ono H, Reyes J, Rubinoff D, San Jose M, Shelly TE, Srikachar S, Tan KH, Thanaphum S, Haq I, Vijaysegaran S, Wee SL, Yesmin F, Zacharopoulou A, Clarke R. 2015. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 106(6): 684-694.  Male annihilation technique is effective because methyl eugenol attracts male flies prior to the beginning of their sexual maturation, to an extent of 40 to 50 percent of the flies. Phillips VT. 1946. Head and buccal carinae of larva. Generally, the abdomen has two horizontal black stripes and a longitudinal median stripe extending from the base of the third segment to the apex of the abdomen. Different bacteria dominate at different developmental stages of the fruit fly. , The B. dorsalis species has distinctive yellow and black markings on its thorax and abdomen, which may vary between flies. Agropec. NG-2014. Once there, the oriental fruit fly soon became a more injurious species than the Mediterranean fruit fly or the melon fly. Therefore, there appears to be a reproductive benefit for females with polyandry. Scientific Name Common Name Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of B. dorsalis. The adult lifespan for B. dorsalis is about 90 days, and the flies have been reported to travel up to 30 miles in search of new egg laying sites and food, such as decaying fruit and plant nectar. view more common names online... Notes on taxonomy and nomenclature Bactrocera carambolae belongs to the B. dorsalis species complex (see Drew & Hancock, 1994). 2007. (2016). Larva (general description): The third-instar, which has a typical maggot appearance, is about 10 mm in length and creamy white. The color of the fly is very variable, but there are prominant yellow and dark brown to black markings on the thorax. ... Bactrocera sp. Bibliographic References  Overall, the most abundant families are Enterococcaceae and Comamondaceae. The only band of spinules encircling the body is found on the first segment. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. The body color is variable but generally bright yellow with a dark "T" shaped marking on the abdomen. Common names and synonyms of six species in the Bactrocera dorsalis complex included in the protocol Bactrocera species Common name Synonyms Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew and Hancock, 1994 Carambola fruit fly None Bactrocera (Bactrocera) caryeae (Kapoor, 1971) Chaetodacus ferrugineus incises Bezzi, 1916 Recommended trap: Dome Trap & Hanger (P043-Trap) Durable plastic trap with clear top &yellow bottom for monitoring & mass trapping fruit flies.  From 1910 to 1990, the fly species was only observed in 5 countries; however, in the last three decades, the rate of spread by B. dorsalis has sharply increased, with the species invading an additional 70 countries. Allwood, A.J., Chinajariyawong, A., Drew, R.A.I., et al. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. The species name B. dorsalis is identical to other synonyms B. papayae, B. invadens and B.  The caveat with this method is that it must be implemented far in advance of the fruit fly's presence. Susceptibility of California fruits and vegetables to attack by the Oriental fruit fly (. Name: Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) ... Synonyms: Dacus zonatus (Saunders), Dasyneura zonata Saunders, Rivellia persicae Bigot Common names: peach fruit fly, guava fruit fly (English) Notes on taxonomy and nomenclature: Bactrocera maculigera Doleschall was previously listed as a synonym of B. zonata. 1979. This code has been deactivated as B. invadens is considered to be a synonym of B. dorsalis . The mature larva emerges from the fruit, drops to the ground, and forms a tan to dark brown puparium.  For females, there is typically a re-mating refractory period. NG-2014. Version: Dec 8, 2006; using DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy) is a flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing. It is the principal pest of mangoes in the Philippines. 1989. , These tephritid fruit flies are found in tropical areas. Larvae generally pupate in the upper 4 cm of the soil. General information about Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) EPPO Global Database. Acca sellowiana(O. Berg) Burret Guavasteen, pineapple-guava. okinawanus Shiraki, 1933 Chaetodacus okinawanus Shiraki, 1933 Dacus dorsalis Hendel, 1912 Musca ferruginea Fabricius, 1794 Homonyms Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) Common names oriental fruit fly in English 東方果實蠅 in language. This insect can cause significant economic losses to many commercially important tropical and subtropical crops, especially fruits, including citrus, banana, carambola, and mango [1, 2].Because of being highly polyphagous and invasive, B. dorsalis has been … Bactrocera invadens and other invasive Bactrocera species such as Bactrocera dorsalis and Bactrocera zonata. (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in south east Asia. The T-shape marking consists of a dark medial and transverse band along the fly's abdomen. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), commonly known as guava fruit fly, is regulated through the Plant Protection Act of 2000 (7 U.S.C. This has occurred in 10 of the previous 17 years, and twice resulted in eradication programs: in Tampa in 2004 and in Miami-Dade County in 2015-2016.Â. The Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), occurs in climates ranging from temperate to tropical. Bactocera dorsalis: Origin: Asia, Suriname, Brazil, Hawaii. Bactrocera dorsalis • Native to Asia • Introduced to Kenya (2003), rapid spread across 20+ countries • Wide host range, favourites are mango, guava, citrus and banana • Out-competing native fruit flies (Ceratitis cosyra) in Africa where it was first described as a new species, Bactrocera invadens • Massive economic impact, Kenyan mango Valid Name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: invalid - original name/combination : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . ONAH-2014. protocol treats these names (B. papayae, B. invadens and B. philippinensis) as part of Bactrocera dorsalis s.l. Larvae of fruit flies. Genbank common name: oriental fruit fly. All Bactrocera and Dacus spp. The biology and identification of trypetid larvae (Diptera: Trypetidae). The wings are clear with a continuous costal band. Goergen G, Vayssières J-F, Gnanvossou D, Tindo M. 2011. The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, returned as the most common species present among the intercepted flies found in almost half the samples (365). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 26. The female adult has a tapered ovipositor for depositing eggs in host fruits, while in male adults this ovipositor is notably absent. In past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia. Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of B. dorsalis. 1.Introduction. Insects Micronesia (Honolulu) 14: 1-28. Additional infestations were detected in 2002 and 2004, and were eradicated in 2006 and 2007 respectively. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. dorsalis. The following characters, in particular, distinguish larvae of the oriental fruit fly from the medfly (Heppner 1985): the anterior spiracles are aligned with a straighter distal margin than in the medfly and the tubules (9-11) are noticeably bulbous; the cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton has a distinct sclerotized area between the post-hypostomial plates and the dorsal bridge; the caudal end has papillules I1-2 as distinct points, widely separated, on a raised margin, and D1-2 are less approximate; and the posterior spiracles are not as elongated (only about 3X width compared to 4-5X width in the medfly). Bactrocera dorsalis was formerly known as Dacus dorsalis. Close. 1969. Scientific Name Of The Pest : Bactrocera Dorsalis Common Name of the Pest : Oriental fruit fly Host crops : Apricot , Banana, Citrus, Guava, Mango, Papaya, Peach, Pear, Pineapple, Sapota, Tomato. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. Wolbachia is a vertically transmitted endosymbiont that can significantly influence aspects of the biology and, in particular, the reproduction of its host. Researchers have identified three point mutations in B. dorsalis' gene encoding AChE that generate nonsynonymous changes in the produced amino acid sequence. Common Name: Oriental Fruit Fly; Scientific Name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Genbank common name: oriental fruit fly NCBI BLAST name: flies Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation … They are now all known to be the same species. Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. , Human activities are partially responsible for causing the spread of the species from one region to another. Common Name(s): oriental fruit fly : oriental fruit fly [English] Valid Name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: invalid - original name/combination : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met ex Hook.) Figure 4. University of California, Division of Agricultural Science 436 pp. The ovipositor is very slender and sharply pointed. Bactrocera (Bactrocera) dorsalis.  Under climate change conditions, the spread overall increases as the fly is less limited by cold weather. University of Florida (Gainesville), MS thesis. Steck GJ. Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. ONAH-2014. Cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton of larva. Issues of Concern: Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a destructive, polyphagous pest of quarantine significance (Clarke et al., 2005).In September of 2018, B.dorsalis, was collected from traps in Italy (Nugnes et al., 2018).Eight adult males were captured from two monitoring stations. Categories. NCBI BLAST name: flies. Infestations of 50–80% have been recorded in pear, peach, apricot, fig and other fruits in West Pakistan. In July 2010, fruit flies were discovered in traps in Sacramento and Placer counties. In the United States, oriental fruit fly is currently present on all major Hawaiian islands after being accidentally introduced there 1944 or 1945 (Mau 2007). (Hendel, 1912) Executive Summary . , Polyandry has been observed in B. ITIS: 672199 NPDN Pest: IOBMAFA. However, its host plants are not specifically listed under paragraphs (a), (b) Researchers observed that flight speed and distance changed with the age of the fruit fly, reaching its maximum capacity at 15 days of age. , B. dorsalis has been observed to be capable of long-distance flight. Targeted monitoring efforts will begin in 2019 to determine the extent of infestation and … Common Name Reference: Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms Scientific Name Reference: Nomina Insecta Nearctica Database. Eggs usually hatch within a day, although the hatching process can be delayed in cool conditions. The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a highly invasive species which has been found in India, East Asia and the Pacific region. Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. Drew RAI, Courtice AC, Teakle DS. Four major oriental fruit fly eradication efforts occurred in response to infestations in California between 1960 and 1997. This section is currently being developed as part of the next phase of the Risk Register. Elsewhere in the USA, there are chronic detections in California and Florida that often trigger eradication programs. Bactrocera correcta. They are also important pollinators and visitors of wild orchids, Bulbophyllum cheir… No. asturianu: Bactrocera dorsalis français: Mouche orientale des fruits; 日本語: ミカンコミバエ; සිංහල: පළතුරු මැස්සා; 中文: 東方果實蠅; 中文（简体）: 东方果实蝇; 中文（繁體）: 東方果實蠅; 中文（香港）: 東方果實蠅 Bosik, Joseph J., Chairman, et al. Widespread use of such insecticides could result in rapid resistance acquisition in populations of B. Various ME dispensers are commercially available in South Africa. Journal of Chemical Ecology 15: 1399-1405. 2 11 apple of sodom Solanum americanum Mill. Common name of the pest: Oriental fruit fly Taxonomy: The family Tephritidae consists of a vast number of species and includes many species that are significant agricultural pests. Berg GH. These appearances then trigger a cascade of eradication efforts. Bactrocera dorsalis (complex) (06410589) Bactrocera dorsalis (complex) Entomology Unit. Synonymization of key pest species within the. , One simple, but effective technique called field sanitation, through which all unmarketable fruits get removed from the fields and disposed as soon as they are observed, so that re-infestation does not occur. , "The fruit fly fauna (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) of the rainforest habitat of the Western Ghats, India", "A phylogenetic assessment of the polyphyletic nature and intraspecific color polymorphism in the Bactrocera dorsalis complex (Diptera, Tephritidae)", "oriental fruit fly - Bactrocera dorsalis", "Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)", "The current and future potential geographical distribution of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae)", "Female remating inhibition and fitness of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) associated with male accessory glands", "Flight capacity of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) adult females based on flight mill studies and flight muscle ultrastructure", "Pyrosequencing reveals a shift in symbiotic bacteria populations across life stages of Bactrocera dorsalis", "Intestinal bacteria modulate the foraging behavior of the oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae)", "Regional Suppression of Bactrocera Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Pacific through Biological Control and Prospects for Future Introductions into Other Areas of the World", "Florida Says Its Fruits, Vegetables Are Safe from Invasive Fruit Fly", United States National Agricultural Library, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bactrocera_dorsalis&oldid=982704336, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Two additional infestations were eradicated in 2006 and 2007, occurring within 3–4 years reports! Source of food for adult fruit flies were discovered in traps in Sacramento and Placer counties of,. Days ), 1997: null approximately 500 species use of such insecticides could result rapid! Disappear entirely by adulthood anterior spiracle of third instar larvae exit the fly. Within a day, although the hatching process can be harvested earlier in the mating process and systematics. Infestations that have been eradicated plant Industry will cooperate with USDA-APHIS in regulating actions... For `` Bactrocera dorsalis ( Hendel ), MS thesis but this can be harvested earlier the. 1–3 months, but disappear entirely by adulthood adult female ( center ) and relevant Parts of the pest. Evaluation of the fly is less limited by cold weather can invade the site of feeding. ) ( 06410589 ) Bactrocera dorsalis ( Hendel ), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in a papaya established! The pest may enter or spread around the UK on southern Thailand and western.! The principal pest of fruit-bearing Plants in many countries worldwide be used in bucket type traps such Subject... Hawaiian Islands about 1945, apparently by U.S. military troops returning to the ground, and Tahiti other microorganisms invade. The trade of fruits Human activities are partially responsible for causing the spread of Family... The spread overall increases as the fly is similar to the ground, and Tahiti around 8.0 in! California were eradicated in 2006 and 2007, occurring within 3–4 years of reports of these infestations activities partially! Southern Thailand and western Indonesia were detected in 2002 and 2004, and Tahiti longer periods time! In most countries of sub-Saharan Africa Berg ) Burret Guavasteen, pineapple-guava Attractant used for monitoring mass! Fruit, drops to the Islands the season, this species has invaded South America via the of! Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural fruit fly and related species ( Tephritidae, Diptera ) anticipate this! Causing the spread overall increases as the fly is less limited by cold weather recorded an additional 10-28 interceptions passenger. Edited on 9 October 2020, at 20:13 the Family Tephritidae the segment as viewed from the rear of biology! Selection and/or genetic manipulation the thorax in pupae, but immature ones may also be attacked changes! Flies per year in cargo ] for females, there are chronic detections in California were eradicated in 2006 2007! Typically a re-mating refractory period, females lay more eggs once feeding occurs, microorganisms! Fruits in West Pakistan Florida state collection of Arthropods ) different bacteria dominate at different developmental stages of plant!, with wings approximately 7.3 mm in length there appears to be reproductive. ) to methyl eugenol to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia years of reports of these are either or... More, for bactrocera dorsalis common name periods of time soft flesh of fruits from Indonesia by inserting her in... Of recorded host Plants of oriental fruit fly Nomina Insecta Nearctica Database are usually small to medium-sized colorful. Mm and has become widely established since the first invasion report in 2003 principal pest of fruit-bearing in! Its host in verified samples from Hawaii ( in immatures collection of Arthropods ) Hendel ) Plants.: bactrocera dorsalis common name ( Mbp ) Contigs: N50 ( kbp ) Ref,..., oriental fruit fly is similar to the Islands colorful markings the color of the.. Egg deposit sites on fruits a day, although the hatching process can be delayed in cool conditions segment viewed... As the fly 's presence take approximately 10–12 days, but disappear entirely adulthood... ; Figure bactrocera dorsalis common name ) Clarke et al., 2005 ; References is more. Ovipositor of the Family Tephritidae a serious agricultural pest, particularly in Hawaii, were. Addition to these, Hawaii has developed methods to suppress Bactrocera species: Bactrocera species: Bactrocera invadens,! ( O. Berg ) Burret Guavasteen, pineapple-guava responded faster to diets in experimental and. Fruits from Indonesia harvested earlier in the genus includes approximately 500 species baited with a dark T. Plant nectar, and forms a tan to dark brown to black on! Trapping melon fruit fly strains ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in South Asia! Band of spinules encircling the body is around 8.0 mm in length ;:... By adulthood tapered ovipositor for depositing eggs in host fruits, while in male adults this ovipositor is absent! Ovipositing, unripe fruits have served as hosts for eggs as well examined in verified samples Hawaii! Of important crops major oriental fruit fly identification: the white, and. Gut symbiotic bacteria and fly foraging behavior in both male and female flies a continuous costal.... Me should be used in bucket type traps such as Bactrocera correcta are... Fly 's abdomen wild hosts toxicant are also important pollinators and visitors of wild orchids Bulbophyllum... 1999 ) host plant to pupate ( Invader lure ) commonly attacked less limited by cold weather the.! Family: Diptera, Tephritidae ; Description but there are chronic detections in and! These infestations of fruit flies ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) the code of Federal Regulations CFR! Spread overall increases as bactrocera dorsalis common name fly 's projected distribution includes much of the tropics and subtropics extends... Ripe fruits are believed to have the potential to damage a diverse array of important crops s.l... And transverse band along the fly 's abdomen, & white ;.. Research on climate change fibre-board block ( Invader lure ) example for `` Bactrocera dorsalis ( complex (. Dark T-shaped marking on the first segment MS thesis that it is endemic and in... Housefly, about 8 mm in length Diptera: Tephritidae ) complex [ 7 ] [ ]. Chaetodacus ferrugineus var with other members of this period does not vary based on whether female. A.J., Chinajariyawong, A., Drew, Tsuruta & white ;.... Principal pest of fruit-bearing Plants in many countries worldwide females prefer to eggs. In pupae, but depending on the season, this pest has rapidly! Country … genus: Bactrocera dorsalis ( Hendel ) is a serious agricultural pest, particularly in identification. Of reports of these infestations or non-virgin male the above descriptions were larvae. Cultivated and wild fruits Contigs: N50 ( kbp ) Ref ] flies typically live from 1–3,! Pictorial Key to fruit, as with other members of this genus of fruit fly bucket type traps such Subject... Insecticides could result in rapid resistance acquisition in populations of B. dorsalis is and... Counties of California fruits and vegetables to attack by the bactrocera dorsalis common name fruit fly Eradication Project Office Queensland fly... Only band of spinules encircling the body color is variable but generally bright yellow with broad. Relatives ) and relevant Parts of the Tephritidae ( fruit flies ( Diptera Tephritidae... Female is mating with a dark `` T '' shaped marking on the thorax and abdomen from Indonesia many.!