Frontiers. Children and Health is a specialty section of Frontiers in Public Health and Frontiers in Pediatrics. The studied parameters regrouped the countries associated with Covid-19 highest death rates on the right of the horizontal axis. Federalism has been associated with duplication of services, difficulties in identifying who is responsible, gaps in service delivery and shifting of responsibility across levels of government (62). 24. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.1585, 21. This is reflective of a broader “crisis of public trust” (20, 43) following the H1N1 pandemic where the public has become more skeptical of the real risk posed, and suspicion of hidden agendas amongst health organizations and the pharmaceutical industry (2, 17). Wikipedia lists various controversies about Frontiers articles and resignations of editors. Figure 4. Transparency in this context was understood as providing timely information about level of risk, communicating openly, timely and honestly with the public, substantiating claims, openness about what can be investigated and accountability when things go wrong (25). 37
We hypothesized that nations characterized by limited progression of life expectancies, with high chronic disease rates, metabolic comorbidities, and high GDP produced higher vulnerabilities to Covid-19 and were associated with higher mortality rates during the first 8 months phase of the pandemic. The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. 39. With an epidemiological transition toward more prevalent chronic diseases, countries with high life expectancy have also increased concurrent risks, restraining their adaptability margins. Protesters against restrictions associated with COVID-19 in the United States and United Kingdom have drawn upon libertarian discourses of individual and religious freedoms from state interference to challenge ongoing restrictions (68). The parameter e controls the position of the slope and the parameter c the left asymptote of the curve. BMC Public Health. (2015) 45:1263–71. The larger the circle, the more the variable is correlated with the axis. We calculated the mean of each of the three variables (temperature, humidity, and UV) in each country for a period starting at the beginning of the epidemic and ending the day of the PP. Figure 2. A Practical Guide to Photovoice: Sharing pictures, Telling Stories and Changing Communities. The main recorded variants however did not appear to produce such a difference on mortality (38). The parameters b and f jointly control the magnitude, which represents the speed of transition between the two asymptotes. 68. Evidence for a limit to human lifespan. Supplementary Figure 5. As a consequence, societies seem to face reduced margins of adaptability (2, 10, and become more susceptible to new constraints. In Australia for example, the provision of health care services lies with state governments, while the Commonwealth government provides financial support for community and residential aged care services, and general practice which are predominantly privately owned (63). The strategies were member-tested in phase two of the study which used an electronic survey to seek agreement with and rank the strategies identified by stakeholders (25). Available from: https://theconversation.com/what-needs-togo-right-to-get-a-coronavirus-vaccine-in-12-18-months-136816 (accessed May 8, 2020). In October 2014 I was approached by a colleague of mine, Frederic Kaplan, from EPFL, for a favour. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1108296, 36. Available online at: http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4020-8356-3_33 (accessed August 8, 2013). In the context of COVID-19, this is especially relevant given that there are certain groups for example older people and those with chronic conditions, who are greater risk of experiencing complications when contracting the virus (49). doi: 10.1080/17441692.2017.1336248, 45. J Gerontol Ser A. The Scientist US Gov’t Takes On Predatory Publishers STATNews Are ‘predatory’ publishers’ days numbered? He argues that it is “vital that we pay attention to different sub-groups in political systems, and acknowledge how varying experiences and perceptions of government and healthcare organizations, shaped at the intersections of class, gender, race and ethnicity, will shape very different relations and approaches to risk” ((14), p. 3). Our community needs more venues to publish in, Digital Humanities has a commitment to open access, and having helped set up an online, peer revie… Instructions: first, find the journal’s publisher – it is usually written at the bottom of the journal’s webpage or in the “About” section.Then simply enter the publisher’s name or its URL in the search box above. How exceptional was the early August 2003 heatwave in France? The study identified communication strategies which can be used to increase awareness of, and build the reputation of regulators. The studied outcome was the death rate due to Covid-19. Police in Australia have been given a range of powers to protect state boundaries; ensure restrictions on public gatherings; to enforce quarantine for people returning from overseas or who have been diagnosed with or in contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19; to enforce closure of non-essential businesses and to limit access to residential aged care facilities (66). However, these are the least uncertain and the most reliable sources. Further, pandemic management requires widespread community rather than individual compliance for success. Potential predatory scholarly open‑access publishers. The media is also an important stakeholder in pandemic management. They appear as “Neoplasms death rate,” “CV and MD death rate,” and “Infectious diseases death rate.”. (2012). doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301755, 42. This has been the case during the current COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. Negative longitudes (American Countries) were also associated with higher death rates (Figure 2). JH wrote the first draft of the paper and all authors provided a written contribution and approved the final version. Figure 5. (2020) 391:1783–98. Presenting characteristics, comorbidities, and outcomes among 5700 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in the New York City area. Protection DPaRBHRa. 2013. Inherent factors have predetermined the Covid-19 mortality: understanding them may improve prevention strategies by increasing population resilience through better physical fitness and immunity. Indeed, the willingness to adopt preventative measures has been found to be greater when people trust government and public health officials (3). (2012) 7:e34054. Lancet. Alonge O, Sonkarlay S, Gwaikolo W, Fahim C, Cooper JL, Peters DH. doi: 10.1080/13669870802648486, 34. Survey research conducted in the US in February 2020 found that 69% of participants favored public health leadership (either Centers for Disease Control or National Institutes for Health) over political leadership of the pandemic response (19). Figure 1. Ward PR AK, Meyer SB, Rokkas P, Leask J. Compliance with recommendations for pandemic influenza H1N1 2009: the role of trust and personal beliefs. Transparency was the ranked as the most important strategy in maintaining trust by both key stakeholders and the public, which follows the emphasis on transparency or openness as trust-building strategies during periods of pandemic (27–29). (2012) 366:454–61. BMC Infect Dis. Frontiers is a somewhat unconventional open access publisher, which likes to have it both ways: playing scientific elite while accepting almost anything from paying customers. Such comorbidities were early associated with a higher risk of death from Covid-19 (20). The national criteria most associated with death rate are life expectancy and its slowdown, public health context (metabolic and non-communicable diseases (NCD) burden vs. infectious diseases prevalence), economy (growth national product, financial support), and environment (temperature, ultra-violet index). Indeed, countries with the highest death toll could still be in the Americas as USA have already experienced a first regression of life expectancy, whereas Mexico also shows one of the highest obesity rates. These include a Frontiers in Psychology paper suggesting that conspiracy theorists do not believe in climate change and a Frontiers in Public Health paper raising … Impact Factor 2.483 | CiteScore 2More on impact ›, COVID-19 - Social Science Research during a Pandemic
40. The maximum of the derivative of this function was used to determine PP in each country. BMC Public Health. 25. doi: 10.1080/14461242.2014.11081968. (2017) 32:988–1000. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2009.01.006, 36. Data were collected from The World Factbook from the US intelligence agency (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/367.html). 33. West GB, Brown JH. Analysis of the data resulted in the identification of ten strategies which can be used by food regulators, industry and the media to maintain and regain public trust in the food system. Graphic on Evaluating Journals Evaluating Predatory Journals Infographic. Ward PR AK, Meyer SB, Rokkas P, Leask J. The Cambridge Handbook of Social Representations. They were recorded from the beginning of the pandemic (defined as the day when the country reached a total of 10 deaths due to Covid-19) until the peak of the pandemic. Marck A, Antero J, Berthelot G, Saulière G, Jancovici J-M, Masson-Delmotte V, et al. The correlation matrix (Figure 6) shows that the Covid-19 mortality rate is positively correlated to a group of variables composed of the inactive lifestyle (r = 0.46, p < 10−6), obesity rate (r = 0.55, p < 10−11), GDP (r = 0.40, p < 10−7), economic support index (r = 0.31, p < 10−3), life expectancy (r = 0.50, p < 10−11), burden of mortality due to CVD (r = 0.33, p < 10−3), cancer (r = 0.47, p < 10−9), and deviation from latitude 0 (r = 0.41, p < 10−3). Yet other researchers defended Frontiers, making clear that while some of Mr. Beall’s additions to his predatory-journals list were relatively open-and-shut cases, Frontiers was much less clear-cut. Furthermore, the large size of the datasets compensates for the internal variability. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781107323650, 16. 7 The publisher reportedly accepts for publication nearly 90 percent of the manuscripts it … doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013350, 17. Frontiers. (2015) 9:127–33. That doesn't mean that any journal that asks for money to publish an article is a predatory journal. The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2020.604339/full#supplementary-material. Factors (including those that are health-related) will affect how individuals and population sub-groups respond to public health communications and how willing or able they are to enact communicated risk-mitigation strategies. The editor and reviewers' affiliations are the latest provided on their Loop research profiles and may not reflect their situation at the time of review. Hence, global threats may put the human development niche at higher risks. (2019) 74:S7–S12. In reviewing such claims however, what exactly is meant by “trust” is not always clear. Dong X, Milholland B, Vijg J. JAMA. Covid-19 has prompted a wide range of responses from governments around the world, yet the contagion and mortality curves are very homologous among countries (33). Prati G, Pietrantoni L, Zani B. Yet information about disease risk during pandemics is often provisional or ambiguous (13, 20, 30). Was this decision justified? Frontiers in Plant Science is the world’s most-cited Plant Sciences journal & ranks in the top Impact Factor and CiteScore percentiles. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. After a rapid propagation phase, only the re-importation of subjects contaminated outside the island provoked new local cases. Lett. (2013) 2013:167–73. Mayor E, Eicher V, Bangerter A, Gilles I, Clémence A, Green EG. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30697-4, 5. Figure 6. New species of antibiotic-resistant bacteria found in … Setbon M, Raude J. Impact Factor 2.483 | CiteScore 2More on impact ›, The Tribute of Physiology for the Understanding of COVID-19 Disease
The WHO adopted a governance model that involved ceding national sovereignty over public health policy to the international community and establishment of pandemic phases, although the WHO's June 2013 interim guidelines allowed for greater national flexibility in response (36). Such research is important to ensure that public trust in the government and public health officials is maintained, government advice is followed, and the health of the public is maximized during current and future pandemics. He argues that “governments following distinctively right-leaning, economically liberal, socially conservative and individualizing policy trajectories” are more likely to adopt conservative management strategies but acknowledges that this may reflect cultural norms which promote suspicion of public intervention in the private sphere [(14), p. 3]. Furthermore, trust in government has been associated with adherence to recommended protective behaviors and the intention to accept vaccination regardless of what authorities actually did to manage the risk of infection (4–6, 9). 30/11/2020
While a clear mortality peak was observed in Europe with a quick decrease after it, it is not the case in several American countries: Mexico, Peru, and Brazil show a lasting plateau for the time being and the USA experienced a spring peak in the eastern states and a summer peak in southern ones. Our mission is to create a major open access resource for professionals from diverse disciplines interested in the development of the concept of exposome and in its applications to public health. Results are considered significant at p < 0.05. Pearson correlation coefficients and tests for association were computed to measure the correlation between each pair of parameters. Fauci AS, Moren DJ. (2020). Data were retrieved from the IHME “GDP results tools” (http://ghdx.healthdata.org/gbd-results-tool) up to the last year the mortality rate was available. The direction of the correlations as well as their significance in the correlation matrix are unchanged as well. 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