July 16, 1976 was the 29th Friday of that year. Bei der gewaltsamen Niederschlagung der Protestveranstaltungen durch die südafrikanische Polizei kommen bis Ende Juni 176 Menschen zu … Many teachers themselves could not speak Afrikaans, but were now required to teach their subjects in it. Umoya Wami 9. 8. It was also the 168th day and 6th month of 1976 in the Georgian calendar. Merv's guests are musician Benny Goodman, singer Martha Tilton, pianist Lou … The protest was planned by the Soweto Students' Representative Council's (SSRC) Action Committee, with support from the wider Black Consciousness Movement. The world got a wake-up call June 16, 1976. Lest we forget the significance of the day, a museum exists to keep the memories fresh.  UDF leader Frank Chicane described the police actions "as if entering enemy territory, with guns blazing." In Cape Town 92 people died between August and September. Doctors recorded bullet wounds as abscesses..  Many of the students who planned or joined the uprising took part, as did other witnesses, including photographer Peter Magubane, reporter Sophie Tema, and Tim Wilson, the white doctor who pronounced Hector Pieterson dead in Baragwanath hospital. What happened on July 16, 1976. Events that triggered the uprising can be traced back to policies of the Apartheid government that resulted in the introduction of the Bantu Education Act in 1953. , The United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 392 which strongly condemned the incident and the apartheid government. "On the way, the students were met by heavily armed police. Er forderte zahlreiche Todesopfer und führte zu lange andauernden, landesweiten Protestaktionen gegen die rassistische Bildungspolitik und das gesamte Apartheidsregime des Landes. Your 45th birthday will be on a Thursday and a birthday after that will be on a Thursday. "Year of Fire, Year of Ash. The following is a journal found in Cross City, Florida. Never, Never again. The association of Afrikaans with apartheid prompted black South Africans to prefer English. On June 16, 1976, Soweto erupted in a violent storm of protest and suppression; Drum, a leading black magazine, headlined the story 'A telegraphed punch'. People of this zodiac sign like music, books, magazines, chats with nearly anyone, short trips and dislike being alone, being confined, repetition and routine. The next time you can reuse 1976 calendar will be in 2032. "The Master Narrative of South Africa's Liberation Struggle: Remembering and Forgetting 16 June 1976, Hirson, Baruch. Sampson linked extracts from the BBC Sound Archive that charted the long struggle against apartheid from the Sharpeville massacre of 1960, through the riots of 1976 and the murder of Steve Biko, and right up to Mandela's release from prison in 1990 and the future president's speech in which he acknowledged the debt owed by all black South Africans to the students who gave their lives in Soweto on 16 June 1976.. Since the early 1990s, June 16, now known as Youth Day, has been remembered, commemorated, and memorialised as public history. Minister of Information Louis Nel later came under fire for stating at a press conference that "Let there be no misunderstanding regarding the real issue at stake. Among them was Dr. Melville Edelstein, who had devoted his life to social welfare among blacks. They are shooting at everyone, everything. (Zed Books, 1979), This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 15:38. Never, Never again. The Soweto Revolt: Roots of a Revolution?" Both calendars will be exactly the same. This is assuming you are not interested in the dates for Easter and other irregular holidays that are based on a lunisolar calendar. The police attacks on the demonstrators continued and 23 people died on the first day in Soweto. Students objected to being taught in the language of the oppressor. This is s documentary about the African student uprising that took place in South Africa on June 16 1976. The snap was taken outside Morris Isaacson School, in Soweto, on the morning of June 16 1976 as children prepared to march into a day of blood and violence. The June 16 Soweto Youth Uprising.  In remembrance of these events, 16 June is now a public holiday in South Africa, named Youth Day. Students sang and waved placards with slogans such as, "Down with Afrikaans", "Viva Azania" and "If we must do Afrikaans, Vorster must do Zulu".. Riots also broke out in the black townships of other cities in South Africa. The world got a wake-up call June 16, 1976. Since the early 1990s, June 16, now known as Youth Day, has been remembered, commemorated, and memorialised as public history. It was Friday, under the sign of Cancer (see birth chart on July 16, 1976).The US president was Gerald Ford (Republican), the UK Prime Minister was James Callaghan (Labour), Pope St Paul VI was leading the Catholic Church. Previously, many young people spent the time between leaving primary school and obtaining a job (if they were lucky) in gangs, which generally lacked any political consciousness. I am May Keef from Cross City, FL. 16 June 1976. In October 1976, Transkei, the first Bantustan, was proclaimed "independent" by the South African Government. Hello. Instead they were to receive education designed to provide them with skills to serve their own people in the homelands or to work in laboring jobs under whites. Both the death and inquiry figures were disputed by various sources as being too low. The 1976 Summer Olympics begin in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Wer kam am 16.06.1976 zur Welt? Students formed an Action Committee (later known as the Soweto Students' Representative Council), which organised a mass rally for 16 June, to make themselves heard. , Students from numerous Sowetan schools began to protest in the streets of Soweto in response to the introduction of Afrikaans as the medium of instruction in local schools.  The crowd of between 3,000 and 10,000 students made their way towards the area of the school. The African National Congress printed and distributed leaflets with the slogan "Free Mandela, Hang Vorster", immediately linking the language issue to its revolutionary heritage and programme and helping establish its leading role (see Baruch Hirson's "Year of Fire, Year of Ash" for a discussion of the ANC's ability to channel and direct the popular anger). June 1976 is commemorated today by a national holiday, Youth day, which honours all the young people who lost their lives in the struggle against apartheid and Bantu education. The next time you can reuse 1976 calendar will be in 2032. 1976: Aufstand in Soweto: Schülerproteste im Township Soweto gegen die Einführung von Afrikaans als Unterrichtssprache werden mit Gewalt niedergeschlagen; zu den Anführern zählt Tsietsi Mashinini, unter den ersten Toten ist der 13-jährige Hector Pieterson – dem folgen weitreichende Rassenunruhen im Land, die als Anfang vom Ende der Apartheid in Südafrika gelten. June 16, 1976 was the 25th Wednesday of that year. The violence that stopped the walk that day - and particularly the wounds and even deaths of so many children - made the world understand that something was really wrong in this country. ... No, I have not consulted them and I am not going to consult them. Browse historical events, famous birthdays and notable deaths from Jul 16, 1976 or search by date, day or keyword. At least one white person, Dr Melville Edelstein, was killed. And the world started to see that the young people of South Africa said it is enough. On June 16 1976, police blocked the movement of 10000 to 20000 pupils towards the Orlando Stadium. Juni 1976 in Soweto in Südafrika. The continued clashes in Soweto caused economic instability. The Afrikaner-dominated government used the clause of the 1909 Union of South Africa Act that recognised only English and Dutch (the latter being replaced by Afrikaans in 1925) as official languages as the pretext to do so. and the musical production of the same name by Mbongeni Ngema. Chaos ensued. Known these days as Youth Day, it commemorates the deaths of about 200 school children in Soweto, on 16 June, 1976. It’s a pretty nice town just off the west coast from the Sunshine State, and with just about 2,000 people, everyone knows everyone. Werbefrei streamen oder als CD und MP3 kaufen bei Amazon.de. Students set fire to symbols of apartheid, such as government buildings, schools, municipal beerhalls, and liquor stores. The lyrics of the song "Soweto Blues" by Hugh Masekela and Miriam Makeba describe the Soweto Uprising and the children's part in it. At an agreed time, they set off for Orlando West Secondary School in Vilakazi Street, with thousands streaming in from all directions. There are left before your next birthday. Black South African students protested because they believed that they deserved to be treated and taught equally to white South Africans. Both calendars will be exactly the same. The police were responsible for 2 389 injuries. Even the Bantustan regimes chose English and an indigenous African language as official languages. The South African Army was also ordered on standby as a tactical measure to show military force. The march was meant to culminate at a rally in Orlando Stadium. This increase in secondary school attendance had a significant effect on youth culture. Izidumbu (1976) 5. People of this zodiac sign like music, books, magazines, chats with nearly anyone, short trips and dislike being alone, being confined, repetition and routine. Because of the government's homelands policy, no new high schools were built in Soweto between 1962 and 1971 -- students were meant to move to their relevant homeland to attend the newly built schools there. It was Friday, under the sign of Cancer (see birth chart on July 16, 1976). It was cold and overcast as pupils gathered at schools across Soweto on 16 June. The June 16 1976 Uprising that began in Soweto and spread countrywide profoundly changed the socio-political landscape in South Africa. 20th Anniversary Publisher: Skotaville, Third Impression, 1996 Hardback, Pages 124, 31x27 cm Condition; Very good Title selected by Martin Parr for the exhibition The Protest Photobook 1956-2013, Grand Palais, Paris in November 2013 +  While all schools had to provide instruction in both Afrikaans and English as languages, white South African students learned other subjects in their home language. The Soweto uprising also featured in the 2003 film Stander about notorious bank robber and former police captain, Andre Stander. Crowd control methods used by South African police at the time included mainly dispersement techniques. Along the way they gathered youngsters from other schools, including a 13-year-old student named Hector Pieterson. Punt Janson, the Deputy Minister of Bantu Education at the time, was quoted as saying: "A Black man may be trained to work on a farm or in a factory. Your 45th birthday will be on a Thursday and a birthday after that will be on a Thursday. Few outside South Africa paid much attention to apartheid before June 16, 1976, when several thousand Soweto students set out to protest the introduction of mandatory Afrikaans-language instruction in their township schools. This link with BC philosophies is significant as it gave students an appreciation for themselves as black people and helped politicize students. They fired teargas and later live ammunition, …  It is estimated that 20,000 students took part in the protests. Tear gas was also reported to have been dropped from helicopters on processions and crowds.. The role of this department was to compile a curriculum that suited the "nature and requirements of the black people." But now secondary school students were forming their own, much more politicized identity. Teachers in Soweto also supported the march after the Action Committee emphasised good discipline and peaceful action. The photograph became the symbol of the Soweto uprising. Extra material collected by Peter Griffiths and Andrew Ntsele of the Ulwazi Educational Radio Project, All details from Peter Griffiths of BBC Radio 4 in London, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "16 June 1976 Student Uprising in Soweto", "Soweto's red brick route to 16 June 1976", "Soweto, 1976: 'n Inklusiewe herbegin 30 jaar later? June 16, 1976 was the 25th Wednesday of that year. The planned to march from the school to the Orlando Stadium. In 1953 the Apartheid Government enacted The Bantu Education Act, which established a Black Education Department in the Department of Native Affairs. 02. of 07. For the state the uprising marked the most fundamental challenge yet to apartheid and the economic (see below) and political instability it caused was heightened by the strengthening international boycott.  The programme was runner-up at the 1998 European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO) TV & Radio Awards and also at the 1998 Media Awards of the One World International Broadcasting Trust, and was highly commended at the 1998 Prix Italia radio awards. Over 100 people were killed and many more injured on June 16, 1976, in Soweto, South Africa, following anti-apartheid protests. , 20 years after the uprising, in June 1996, the Ulwazi Educational Radio Project of Johannesburg compiled an hour-long radio documentary portraying the events of 16 June entirely from the perspective of people living in Soweto at the time. Police action resulted in 451 deaths. On the morning of 16 June 1976, between 10,000 and 20,000 black students walked from their schools to Orlando Stadium for a rally to protest against having to learn through Afrikaans in school. June 16, 1976 was a Wednesday and it was the 168 th day of the year 1976. People who are born on June 16 in 1976 have an astrological sign of Gemini ♊. The South African Information Bureau claimed that police opened fire on two occasions, one after a grenade was tossed at police, wounding four police. The element for the Dragon symbol is the Yang Fire. A student from Morris Isaacson High School, Teboho "Tsietsi" Mashinini, proposed a meeting on 13 June 1976 to discuss what should be done. . Contents . The violent overthrow of the South African state is the issue. It was also the 168th day and 6th month of 1976 in the Georgian calendar. There have been different ways and forms through which the June 16 1976 student uprisings have been commemorated. June 16, 2018. 1976 According to the government-appointed Cillie Commission of Enquiry 575 people died. ", "Policemen involved in June 16 Shootings have to Explain: Morobe", "Apartheid South Africa and the Soweto Rebellion", "SAPA - 23 Jul 96 - TRUTH BODY WRAPS UP JUNE 16 HEARINGS IN SOWETO", "16 June '76 – Remember Dr Melville Edelstein – the life & death of a good man | Kevin Harris Productions", "Dr. Melville Edelstein and South Africa's 1976 Soweto uprising", "Talks opened by Kissinger as riots flare", "Security Forces Stop Funeral, Sweep Through Soweto", Guardian Unlimited audio recording of Antoinette Sithole on the Soweto uprising, TIME 100 Photos: Soweto Uprising: The Story Behind Sam Nzima's Photograph, "S. Africa marking Soweto uprising" – BBC, Guardian Unlimited audio recording of Antoinette Sithole (Pieterson) on the Soweto uprising, An extensive mashup with info on the events on 16 June 1976, Youth and the National Liberation Struggle 1894–1994, The June 16 Soweto students’ uprising – as it happened, "I Saw a Nightmare…" Doing Violence to Memory: The Soweto Uprising, 16 June 1976, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Soweto_uprising&oldid=994198002, Killings by law enforcement officers in South Africa, Use South African English from November 2013, All Wikipedia articles written in South African English, Articles to be expanded from November 2017, Articles needing additional references from February 2008, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Minimum of 176 with some estimates ranging up to 700. The June 1976 death toll was 176, at least 23 deaths occurred on the first day. 16 June 1976. Security forces were said to have initially used tear gas to disperse crowds. Lot 2 photobooks by Peter Magubane: Peter Magubane June 16 1976. 3 907 people were injured. They were met with fierce police brutality and many were shot and killed. It is commemorated today by a South African national holiday, Youth day, which honors all the young people who lost their lives in the struggle against Apartheid and Bantu Education. The violence abated by nightfall. People who are born on June 16 in 1976 have an astrological sign of Gemini ♊. View source. Watch The Merv Griffin Show - Season 13, Episode 192 - June 16, 1976: "Music of Benny Goodman". Robinson Nqola 3 minutes read. Police vans and armoured vehicles patrolled the streets throughout the night. And the world started to see that the young people of South Africa said it is enough. Browse historical events, famous birthdays and notable deaths from Jul 16, 1976 or search by date, day or keyword. Die berühmten Persönlichkeiten des Tages: Am 16. Both the death and inquiry figures were disputed by various sources as being too low. 40 new schools were built in Soweto. The planned to march from the school to the Orlando Stadium. The programme was broadcast on SABC and on a number of local radio stations throughout South Africa. Previously, in order to progress to Form 1 of secondary school, a pupil had to obtain a first or second-degree pass in Standard 6. The following year, BBC Radio 4 and BBC World Service broadcast a revised version containing fresh interviews and entitled The Day Apartheid Died. It was cold and overcast as pupils gathered at schools across Soweto on 16 June. Clashes between gangs and students only furthered the sense of student solidarity. Over 100 people were killed and many more injured on June 16, 1976, in Soweto, South Africa, following anti-apartheid protests. It was recorded from June 10 to June 19, 1976 at the Boston Music Hall in Boston, the Beacon Theatre in New York City, and the Capitol Theatre in Passaic, New Jersey.It was released on March 20, 2020 in a limited edition of 12,000 copies. The violence only died down on 18 June. The Soweto student uprisings have also inspired the production of plays including Sarafina which went on to play on Broadway. Umvundla With his ultra-baritone rasps, squeezed vocal phrases and distinguishing tribal marks, the great MAZAMBANE carved out a … The police requested that the hospital provide a list of all victims with bullet wounds to prosecute them for rioting. In 1976, 257,505 pupils enrolled in Form 1, but there was space for only 38,000. So, although the BCM's ideas had been important in creating the climate that gave the students the confidence to strike out, it was the ANC's non-racialism which came to dominate the discourse of the anti-apartheid movement amongst blacks. 20th Anniversary Publisher: Skotaville, Third Impression, 1996 Hardback, Pages 124, 31x27 cm Condition; Very good Title selected by Martin Parr for the exhibition The Protest Photobook 1956-2013, Grand Palais, Paris in November 2013 + 1976; Next photograph. According to the SA History, Hastings Ndlovu is believed to have been the … July 18 – Nadia Comăneci earns the first of seven perfect scores of 10 at the 1976 Summer Olympics. The author of the legislation, Dr Hendrik Verwoerd (then Minister of Native Affairs, later Prime Minister), stated: "Natives [blacks] must be taught from an early age that equality with Europeans [whites] is not for them." There was also a lack of teachers, and many of those who did teach were underqualified. Der Aufstand in Soweto, auch als Schüleraufstand in Soweto bezeichnet, englisch Soweto Uprising, begann am 16. The Soweto uprising was a series of demonstrations and protests led by black school children in South Africa that began on the morning of 16 June 1976. He may work for an employer who is either English-speaking or Afrikaans-speaking and the man who has to give him instructions may be either English-speaking or Afrikaans-speaking.  The Regional Director of Bantu Education (Northern Transvaal Region), J.G. Schools were starved of funds -- the government spent R644 a year on a white child's education but only R42 on a black child. Teacher organisations, such as the African Teachers Association of South Africa, objected to the decree. The producers of this documentary included Keketso Semoko, Jeffrey Molawa, Moferefere Lekorotsoana and Andrew Ntsele of Ulwazi, working together with Peter Griffiths of BBC Radio 4. Lot 2 photobooks by Peter Magubane: Peter Magubane June 16 1976.  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