When one walks into an Eastern Orthodox church, one of the … Below are some points that can help you to understand the similarities between Catholics and Protestants. Similarities between Orthodox and Protestant ecclesiology. Remarriage after divorce is not permitted unless there is some canonical impediment to the marriage. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. both the bread and wine are given to those present). Orthodox accept the idea of a Petrine primacy, but only as a first among equals, and not as a decisive patriarch of all. Many churches practice female ordination, including those within the Anglican communion, where the issue of female episcopacy is currently being discussed. some Anglicans accept the Catholic view, whereas Baptists deny it). } 13. Priests and Bishops must also be celibate, with the exception of Eastern Rite Catholics and Anglican married clergy who subsequently convert to Catholicism. Protestantism arose from the Roman Catholic Church, and so there are many similarities among them. Comparison between Orthodoxy, Protestantism & Roman Catholicism: T he table below aims to given an outline of some of the key issues in Christian belief and how the three traditions view these issues. The Sacraments are signs that effect that which they signify. Marriage is a contract, but is not unbreakable. Alongside Sacred Scripture, Sacred Tradition (i.e. OCF.org: What Are the Differences Between Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism? An outstanding and detailed explanation of the differences between the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches is The Russian Church and the Papacy by Vladimir Soloviev (1853-1900), a Russian Orthodox theologian who was condemned by his church for his efforts at Christian unity. I converted to Orthodoxy 22 years ago, and at the time I was very keen to pick out the differences. Roman Catholicism teaches that the price of Adam and Eve eating forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden was original sin, which has been passed down to all humans. Not only the Second Vatican Council, but then there was this … The Moslem and the Orthodox Jew with their reverance for God's law seem closer to the spirit of Christianity than do such ``Christians.'') The Assumption is accepted and it is agreed that Mary experienced physical death, but the Immaculate conception is rejected. Source: My Conversion to Eastern Orthodoxy My conversion to Eastern Orthodox Christianity began at a Protestant seminary. teachings handed down from Christ and the apostles to the present) are to be considered sources of divine revelation. The Byzantine split with Roman Catholicism came about when Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne, King of the Franks, as Holy Roman Emperor in … A table showing the differences and similarities between the three greatChristian traditions. Survey|. In general, despite their differences, Protestant churches all hold broadly similar beliefs. Protestants find this hard to understand because they 1. differentiate between sanctification and justification and 2. still concern themselves with the issue of merit vis a vis the Roman Catholics. I was Greek Orthodox AND Pentecostal, so maybe I could mention a few things. Accept the 39 Old Testament and 27 New Testament books, but also a collection of books not found in the original Hebrew Bible. Papal Infallibility is rejected. Introduction Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholics have many similarities. Both Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism accept the Bible as their sacred text, which contains the same basic books: Old and New Testament, plus additional books called the Deuterocanonicals. Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy The Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism are organized using a hierarchical system. The claim that Mary was sinless is rejected - only Christ was sinless. Further details on the Eucharist are given in the Five views of the Eucharist page. There are a wide variety of worship styles. While there are some slight differences in ritual and meaning between Orthodox and Catholics, these sacraments are … //--> The Holy Spirit proceeds from both the Father and the Son. Both sides agree that ecumenical councils have the ability to infallibly define doctrines, but a question arises concerning which councils are ecumenical. All Christians are saints, called to imitate Christ. The Orthodox Church, on the other hand, accepts neither other Christian denominations nor other religions as pathways to God. Her perpetual virginity and intercession are denied. Please also visit the Comparison Table between Christianity, Islam and Judaism page. The differences between Orthodox and Catholic are few - they differ on the nature of the papacy, first and foremost. In some Catholic Churches, the bread alone is given to the congregation, the Priest receiving the wine. From the 9 denominations that are considered to be Historical Protestantism, there is an estimated 320 million members from the different Christian groups. The vast majority of Protestant churches have communion in both kinds. Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy also differ in how they view other religions. All clergy are required to be male. Prayer Requests| The view is similar to the Orthodox church - the title 'Mother of God' being used more commonly than. Many of us have Roman Catholic friends, neighbors, and even family members. She has a MA in art history and you can find her academic articles published in "Western Passages," "History Colorado" and "Dutch Utopia." She is also a contributor to Book Riot and Food Riot, a media critic with the Pueblo PULP and a regular contributor to Femnista. The Pope is infallible when, through the Holy Spirit, he defines a doctrine on faith and morals that is to be held by the whole church. Salvation is "faith working through love" and should be seen as a life long process. Euclid University Consortium Press, Washington (DC), 2007, p. 95).  Print this page, Comparison Table between Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Christianity seems to be divided into the Eastern and Western churches that are referred to as Orthodox and Catholics respectively. Both Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism accept the Bible as their sacred text, which contains the same basic books: Old and New Testament, plus additional books called the Deuterocanonicals. Salvation is by grace, specifically sanctifying grace, which is given initially through Baptismal regeneration and then maintained through the Sacraments, which are 'channels of grace'. The consecrated elements can only be received by members. Protestants also reject Papal infallibility. Purgatory is rejected - Christ's death on the cross is sufficient to remove the penalty for all our sins. Much like the ancient times in which these religions were established, they govern from the top down with bishops or leaders having ultimate authority and then several classifications that extend … These include baptism, confirmation, penance, communion, marriage, holy orders and the anointing of the sick. What do Catholics and the Orthodox Have in Common. A more substantive disagreement between Catholics and the Eastern Orthodox concerns the role of the pope and the ecumenical councils in the Church. Comparison | The Orthodox church is based on the Bible in part and the decisions of the first … Forum| Interpretation of … The Orthodox church is a communion of churches that Can trace its apostolic … Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. In addition to this, however, the Eastern Orthodox Church also accepts a few other books that do not appear in the Catholic Bible, such as Esdras and 3 and 4 Maccabees. Today, the practice of these sacraments in both churches is nearly identical in form and content. The gifts change completely into Christ's body and blood and this change is termed 'Transubstantiation' i.e. Orthodoxy| The Greek Orthodox Church was ruled politically by the Eastern Roman Empire and was not so influences by politics. } While the Pope is the head of the Catholic Church, Protestantism is a general term that refers to Christianity that is not subject to papal authority. As in Orthodoxy, this is of vital importance to the church. Some denominations permit remarriage in church. The chart below explains these 3 main "faces" of the Christian religion. Orthodox and Protestant Christians, along with Roman Catholics, share a belief in the Trinity. Agrees with the Orthodox position. Exception: so-called Liberal (or "Modernist") Theology , of whichever of the three areas of Christianity; by rejecting most, if not all, of accepted Biblical, historic Christian doctrine; has therefore placed itself outside of the pale of universal Christian orthodoxy. Here, hymns of praise and worship are sung, the Holy Scripture is read and explained by the preacher, and all the believers gather in prayer, communion and fellowship to celebrate the Lord Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross for all those who believe. The similarities are based on both religions reliance on the Christian Scriptures and tradition The differences are based on … Worship is usually in the vernacular, though Greek is also used. There are at least seven Sacraments (known as 'Mysteries' in Orthodoxy): Baptism, Chrismation, Eucharist, Holy Orders, Holy Unction, Marriage (Holy Matrimony) and Penance (Confession). Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. These are known as, Protestants reject the deuterocanonicals as not being inspired scripture and term them. The Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church also differ in their interpretation of human nature, especially when it comes to original sin. It can be argued that the two communions share much in common concerning of the Trinity, Scripture, Redemption, the Sacraments and Eschatology. It is obtained by grace through faith in Christ alone. And within these sects there are more smaller sects each with a different type of view. window.print() Topic Orthodox Protestant Roman Catholic Further details on the Eucharist are given in the Five views of the Eucharist page. Throughout the church's history, Christians in different parts of the world have celebrated Easter in different ways. He has supreme authority (including that over church councils) within Christendom (The. Salvation is the free and unmerited gift of God to man. Please also visit the Comparison Table between Christianity, Islam and Judaism page. A special group of holy people, who are venerated. Also a state where the punishment due to unremitted venial sins may be expiated. This is a dogma and is therefore a required belief within Catholicism. Following the Vatican II council (1962-5), greater emphasis was placed on worship in the vernacular, though the traditional Latin ('Tridentine') Mass is also used. More information: Here is a selected series of links that will give more information: Catholic Answers Christianity Today … An Orthodox Christian who joins another Christian church is considered apostate. This Orthodoxy recognises the first seven ecumenical councils (325-787) as being infallible. The most obvious differences are between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. if (!window.print){ are also part of it. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Orthodox policy is to have communion in both kinds (i.e. the outward appearance remains the same, but the substance changes. Actually, when we say Catholic here, we are referring to the Roman Catholic … Both the Catholics and Protestants call their place of worship as either church, chapel, cathedral, or basilica that happens on Sunday. Here is a selected series of links that will give more information: Catholic Answers | Differ in their interpretation of human nature, Christianity in View: Comparison between Orthodoxy, Protestantism and Roman Catholicism, The Interactive Bible: List of books in the Christian Bible, Roman Catholic Bible, Greek Orthodox Bible. I am Catholic, my wife Russian Orthodox. This doctrine is expressed in the early church creeds, such as the Apostles' Creed and the Nicene Creed. It helps to compare all three at once. Rather it is important to emphasise continuity of teaching with that of the apostles, rather than a direct line of succession. Close. This is a actually an old Roman Catholic canard. See disclaimer. Christianity Today | Both are dogmas of the church. Orthodox Information Centre | The links under the More information section should be consulted for the definitive positions. alert("Your browser does not support this function") Marriage is a mystical union between a man and a woman. In the 11th century, following doctrinal disagreements on the nature of the Holy Spirit (filioque)and the authority of the Bishop of Rome, th… Roman Catholics believe that the pope is the head of … Because of this, each church focuses on different aspects of Jesus' purpose on earth: for Roman Catholics, it is to die for humans' sins; for Orthodox Christians, it is to conquer death. There is one area of … Protestants and Catholics, ho… Didn’t read all the answers above so don’t know if these came up: similarities:-Mary is regarded as very important in both religions, even though Orthodox Christians say that Catholics at some point decided that she was born with no sin thanks to the mercy of God. Protestantism| The Eastern Doctrine of the Catholic Church, as cited in Cleenewerck L. His Broken Body: Understanding and Healing the Schism Between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches (An Orthodox Perspective). the visible head of the church on earth and spiritual successor of St. Peter. The Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church were one Church - the Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church - for over 1,000 years. Aside from the cultural differences that appear region to region, there is very little difference in the way Catholics and Eastern Orthodox Catholics practice their faiths. An intermediate state between earth and heaven is recognised, but cleansing and purification occur in this life, not the next. The Nicene creed includes the. There is one source of divine revelation: Tradition. In this situation, an annulment may be granted. Orthodox Church in America | The third person of the Trinity, proceeding from the Father alone as in the original Nicene Creed. Catholic is an adjective derived from the Greek adjective καθολικός, meaning \"gen… There are however, a wide variety of views held within Protestantism on this subject (e.g. Both are denied. The Pope is the leader of the Catholic church, having no authority to speak for the church as a whole. They both have the same belief system and many of the same traditions. Worship is centred around the Mass. There are seven sacraments in both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. This is an important part of Orthodox belief and ensures continuity with the church that Christ founded. Roman Catholicism | We have tried to state what might be called the 'representative' view of each tradition, though there are obviously differing views … We have tried to state what might be called the 'representative' view of each tradition, though there are obviously differing views within each of them e.g. However, I would like to strongly urge that the interpretation of the bible is something that can be flexible. The Vatican |,